Illustrated London News

November 28, 1857


"Peshawar is the ancient capital of eastern Afghanistan, situated at lat. 34 deg. N., long 71 E., and 1503 miles N. W. from Calcutta. It stands in a well-cultivated populous plain, forming a circle of about thirty-five miles across, and nearly surrounded by mountains. The city was founded by the Emperor Akbar, and from its convenient position between Western Afghanistan and India, became a place of considerable commerce. Its population is estimated at 100,000, principally of Indian origin.
"'The Gazeteer and Gazeteer Map of the Indian Rebellion,' lately published by Madden, gives some particulars respecting this and other places which we shall take advantage of in the descriptions of some of the Engravings in our present Number. The troops cantoned here at the time of the mutinous outbreak, were - two troops of Horse Artillery (European), with two light field batteries; a company of Sappers and Miners; the 5th Light Cavalry; Her Majesty's 70th Foot and 87th Fusiliers; the 21st, 24th, 27th, 51st and 64th Regiments Native Infantry; and the 7th and 18th Regiments Irregular Cavalry.
"The 51st Native Infantry have exhibited another instance of attempt at open violence after the corps had been disarmed, and in the face of hopeless odds. Many of all ranks were executed in this regiment; amongst others the Subhadar Major, its chief native officer. Peshawar furnishes detachments for outpost duty at Fort Mackeson, Fort Barrah, Abazaie, Shubkuddur (where the Khelat-i-Ghilzie Regiment has remained faithful), and Michnee. The ordinary headquarters of the 'Guide Corps' are at Mardan, in the immediate neighborhood."


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